Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

NovemberYearAnniversaryEvent
11897117thThe first Library of Congress building opens in Washington DC.
21772242ndSamuel Adams heads up the first Committees of Correspondence in Massachusetts.
21887127thJenny Lind, Swedish opera singer managed by P. T. Barnum in the U.S., dies.
2196747thLBJ meets with the Wise Men: Sec. of State Acheson, Gen. Bradley, Ambassador Harriman, and Henry Cabot Lodge.
31777237thGen. George Washington hears of Thomas Conway's secret plan to replace him with Gen.Horatio Gates after several military defeats.
41842172ndAbraham Lincoln and Mary Ann Todd wed in the Springfield home of Ninian Edwards, after a tempestuous courtship.
41847167thGerman composer Felix Mendelssohn, grandson of Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, dies.
41862152ndLincoln's Republican Party maintains House control and gains Senate seats, a sign of support for the Emancipation Proclamation.
41862152ndRichard Gatling patents the machine gun.
4192292ndThe U.S. Postmaster General orders all homes to get mailboxes if they want mail delivery.
4192292ndIn Egypt's Valley of the Kings, British archaeologist Howard Carter finds the entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb.
4195262ndRepublican Dwight Eisenhower is elected the 34th president of the U.S., defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson.
51862152ndLincoln removes the fearful McClellan from command of the Army of the Potomac after his weak pursuit of Lee following Antietam
51862152ndIn Minnesota, 300 Santee Dakota are sentenced to hang for the "Sioux Revolt."
51872142ndSusan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote in the presidential election.
51912102ndIn a landslide, Woodrow Wilson is elected 28th president of the U.S., defeating Teddy Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.
6193282ndIn Germany's general elections, the Nazis emerge.
6194767th"Meet the Press" premieres on TV and will one day become the oldest program still on television.
71637377thRev. John Cotton banishes Anne Hutchinson, first female religious leader in the colonies, from the Mass. Bay Colony.
71867147thMarie Sklodowski Curie, German Nobel Prize-winning physicist, is born.
7191797thVladimir Lenin overthrows Alexander Kerensky in Russia' Bolshevik Revolution.
7196252ndEleanor Roosevelt, former First Lady, activist and social reformer, dies at age 78.
7196252ndRichard Nixon loses the race for California governor, saying "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore" in a press conference.
7197242ndRepublican Richard Nixon wins the presidency in a landslide victory over Democrat George McGovern.
81837177thMount Holyoke Seminary, women's college founded by Mary Lyon, opens in South Hadley, MA.
8193282ndNY Governor Franklin Roosevelt is elected U.S. president, defeating incumbent Herbert Hoover.
8194272ndUnder Gen. Eisenhower, U.S. and British forces invade North Africa.
91862152ndAmbrose Burnside reluctantly becomes head of Army of the Potomac after Lincoln removes McClellan from command.
91872142ndThe Fire of 1872 rips through Boston, destroying nearly 800 buildings.
10194272ndFollowing victory in Egypt, Churchill says it's "not the beginning of the end. But it is perhaps the end of the beginning" of WWII.
111852162ndLouisa May Alcott publishes her first story.
111872142ndMaude Adams, U.S. actress famous for light comedy, is born.
11196747thThe Viet Cong of North Vietnam release U.S. prisoners of war.
121867147thRethinking its unsuccessful wars against the Dakota and Cheyenne, the U.S. begins a conference at Fort Laramie.
12192787thJosef Stalin takes over the Soviet Union.
13196747thPres. Johnson receives an optimistic report on the Vietnam War from Gen. William Westmoreland.
141732282ndThe Library Company of Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin to be a library for Congress, hires its first librarian.
141862152ndLincoln approves Burnside's plan to capture Richmond, VA, the Confederate capital.
151777237thThe Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation (eventually the Constitution) after 16 months of debate.
151837177thIsaac Pitman's shorthand system is published as "Stenographic Sound-Hand."
15191797thGeorges Clemenceau becomes French prime minister.
161827187thCharles Eliot Norton, U.S. scholar, is born.
161907107thCongress joins Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory, admitting Oklahoma as the 46th state of the Union.
171777237thThe Articles of Confederation (eventually the Constitution) are submitted to the individual American states.
171862152ndGeorge Randolph, Confederate general, resigns as Confederate Secretary of War.
171877137thGilbert & Sullivan's third joint opera, "The Sorcerer," opens in London starring Rutland Barrington and Isabelle Hill (Mrs. Paul)
181787227thLouis-Jacques Daguerre, French scientist and painter who invents the daguerreotype photograph, is born.
191802212ndSolomon Foot, U.S. senator from Vermont, is born.
191887127thEmma Lazarus, poet who wrote "Give me your tired, your poor" from "The New Colossus," engraved on the Statue of Libery, dies.
20196252ndJFK agrees to lift U.S. blockade of Cuba when the USSR removes its missiles, ending the Cuban missile crisis.
20197737thEgyptian president Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to visit Israel.
211877137thThomas Edison announces his first major invention, the phonograph.
22196747thGen. Westmoreland claims U.S. victory at Dak To and affirms the Communists are losing the war.
231862152ndGilbert Parker, Canadian novelist who becomes a Member of Parliament in England, is born.
23197242ndParis peace talks between Henry Kissinger and North Vietnam deadlock pushing Nixon to order the "Christmas bombings."
241807207thMohawk Chief Joseph Brant dies.
251817197thJohn Bigelow, U.S. statesman, abolitionist, editor of "New York Evening Post" and author, is born.
251878136thJohn Douglas Sutherland Campbell, married to Queen Victoria's 4th daughter, Princess Louise, becomes Gov. General of Canada.
25195757thPresident Eisenhower suffers a slight stroke.
261607407thJohn Harvard, clergyman and scholar whose money will be used to established Harvard College, is born.
261792222ndSarah Moore Grimke, U.S. abolitionist and women's rights activist, born.
261832182ndMary Edwards Walker, one of first female physicians in U.S. and women's rights leader, born.
281582432ndWilliam Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway pay 40 pounds for their marriage license.
281757257thWilliam Blake, British poet, is born.
281777237thMassachusetts politician John Adams replaces Silas Deane as ambassador to France.
281862152ndAt the Battle of Cane Hill, Union General Blunt defeats Confederate Gen. Marmaduke, driving him back into the mountains.
291832182ndLouisa May Alcott, U.S. writer, author of "Little Women," is born.
29196747thMcNamara resigns as U.S. secretary of defense.
301782232ndThe U.S. and Britain sign preliminary peace articles in Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.