Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

FebruaryYearAnniversaryEvent
11587428thElizabeth I, Queen of England, signs the Warrant of Execution for Mary Queen of Scots.
11862153rd"The Battle Hymn of the Republic," by Julia Ward Howe, is published in "Atlantic Monthly".
11902113rdLangston Hughes, American author, poet (1902-1967) born.
1192293rdHollywood director William Taylor discovered dead, perhaps shot by his teenage star, Mary Miles Minter.
3191798thThe U.S. breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany when it resumes unrestricted submarine warfare.
41792223rdGeorge Washington unanimously elected by the Electoral College to his second term.
41902113rdCharles Lindbergh, American aviator, is born.
5191798thCongress nullifies President Wilson's veto of its Immigration Act, which curtailed Asian immigration.
5193778thPres. Franklin Roosevelt announces his "court-packing" plan, to expand the Supreme Court
6191798thA German submarine sinks the U.S. passenger ship, "California"
6195263rdGreat Britain's George VI dies and his daughter becomes Queen Elizabeth II.
71812203rdCharles Dickens, British novelist, born.
71817198thFrederick Douglass, American abolitionist leader, born.
71862153rdConfederates order reinforcements to Fort Donelson
81587428thMary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded in Fotheringay Castle
81862153rdThe Battle of Roanoke Island, led by Union Commander Goldsborough
81887128thPres. Cleveland signs the Dawes Act, with tragic results for Native Americans
101862153rdDante Rossetti finds the body of his wife, Elizabeth Siddal, who committed suicide
101897118thThe slogan "All the News that's Fit to Print" first appears on the "New York Times" front page
111812203rdThe term "gerrymandering" coined when Massachusetts Governor Gerry signs a re-districting law
111847168thThomas Alva Edison, U.S. inventor who claimed 1,093 patented ideas, born
121892123rdPresident Lincoln's birthday declared a national holiday.
131542473rdCatherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII, is executed for adultery
141847168thAnna Howard Shaw, influential leader of the U.S. women's suffrage movement, born
151797218thHenry Steinway, German-American piano maker, born Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg
161862153rdUlysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee, in a disaster for the South
17194273rdHuey P. Newton, African-American activist who co-founded the Black Panthers, born.
17197243rdPres. and Mrs. Richard Nixon depart on their historic trip to China
181907108thThe U.S. sends 600,000 tons of grain to Russia, where millions are starving due to famine
18192293rdCongress passes the Capper-Volstead Act, exempting U.S. farmers from anti-trust laws
191777238thCongress denies Benedict Arnold a promotion
191807208thAaron Burr, former US Vice President, arrested for conspiring against the US
19194273rdPres. Franklin Roosevelt signs Executive Order 90066, sending Japanese-Americans to internment camps
201792223rdGeorge Washington creates the U.S. Post Office
201872143rdThe Metropolitan Museum of Art opened in New York City
211862153rdThe Battle of Val Verde, a bloody Civil War battle in New Mexico Territory
21197243rdPresident and Mrs. Nixon arrive in China for 8 days
221732283rdGeorge Washington is born at Popes Creek Plantation, Virginia
22194273rdPres. Franklin Roosevelt tells Gen. MacArthur to get out of the Philippines
23192788thPres. Calvin Coolidge creates the Federal Radio Commission (later the FCC)
24191798thThe Zimmerman Telegram, a coded message from Germany saying it was going to declare war on the U.S., was decoded by the British
251862153rdThe Legal Tender Act, written by Elbridge Spaulding, allows the U.S. to issue "greenbacks" or paper money
261802213rdVictor Hugo, French author, born.
261862153rdUnion officer Elisha Hunt Rhodes heard Sen. Henry Wilson speak in Congress
26191798thThe Zimmermann Telegram is relayed from England to Pres. Wilson in Washington DC
26195263rdWinston Churchill announces to the world that Britain has the atomic bomb
271807208thHenry Wadsworth Longfellow, U.S. poet, born
27192293rdThe 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, allowing women to vote, is declared consitutional
281827188thThe first U.S. railroad chartered to carry passengers and freight, the Baltimore & Ohio, is incorporated
28198728thSoviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev calls for nuclear weapons treaty
291692323rdSarah Goode and Tituba are accused of witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts, triggering the Salem witch trials