Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

FebruaryYearAnniversaryEvent
11587427thElizabeth I, Queen of England, signs the Warrant of Execution for Mary Queen of Scots.
11862152nd"The Battle Hymn of the Republic," by Julia Ward Howe, is published in "Atlantic Monthly".
11902112ndLangston Hughes, American author, poet (1902-1967) born.
1192292ndHollywood director William Taylor discovered dead, perhaps shot by his teenage star, Mary Miles Minter.
3191797thThe U.S. breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany when it resumes unrestricted submarine warfare.
41792222ndGeorge Washington unanimously elected by the Electoral College to his second term.
41902112ndCharles Lindbergh, American aviator, is born.
5191797thCongress nullifies President Wilson's veto of its Immigration Act, which curtailed Asian immigration.
5193777thPres. Franklin Roosevelt announces his "court-packing" plan, to expand the Supreme Court
6191797thA German submarine sinks the U.S. passenger ship, "California"
6195262ndGreat Britain's George VI dies and his daughter becomes Queen Elizabeth II.
71812202ndCharles Dickens, British novelist, born.
71817197thFrederick Douglass, American abolitionist leader, born.
71862152ndConfederates order reinforcements to Fort Donelson
81587427thMary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded in Fotheringay Castle
81862152ndThe Battle of Roanoke Island, led by Union Commander Goldsborough
81887127thPres. Cleveland signs the Dawes Act, with tragic results for Native Americans
101862152ndDante Rossetti finds the body of his wife, Elizabeth Siddal, who committed suicide
101897117thThe slogan "All the News that's Fit to Print" first appears on the "New York Times" front page
111812202ndThe term "gerrymandering" coined when Massachusetts Governor Gerry signs a re-districting law
111847167thThomas Alva Edison, U.S. inventor who claimed 1,093 patented ideas, born
121892122ndPresident Lincoln's birthday declared a national holiday.
131542472ndCatherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII, is executed for adultery
141847167thAnna Howard Shaw, influential leader of the U.S. women's suffrage movement, born
151797217thHenry Steinway, German-American piano maker, born Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg
161862152ndUlysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee, in a disaster for the South
17194272ndHuey P. Newton, African-American activist who co-founded the Black Panthers, born.
17197242ndPres. and Mrs. Richard Nixon depart on their historic trip to China
181907107thThe U.S. sends 600,000 tons of grain to Russia, where millions are starving due to famine
18192292ndCongress passes the Capper-Volstead Act, exempting U.S. farmers from anti-trust laws
191777237thCongress denies Benedict Arnold a promotion
191807207thAaron Burr, former US Vice President, arrested for conspiring against the US
19194272ndPres. Franklin Roosevelt signs Executive Order 90066, sending Japanese-Americans to internment camps
201792222ndGeorge Washington creates the U.S. Post Office
201872142ndThe Metropolitan Museum of Art opened in New York City
211862152ndThe Battle of Val Verde, a bloody Civil War battle in New Mexico Territory
21197242ndPresident and Mrs. Nixon arrive in China for 8 days
221732282ndGeorge Washington is born at Popes Creek Plantation, Virginia
22194272ndPres. Franklin Roosevelt tells Gen. MacArthur to get out of the Philippines
23192787thPres. Calvin Coolidge creates the Federal Radio Commission (later the FCC)
24191797thThe Zimmerman Telegram, a coded message from Germany saying it was going to declare war on the U.S., was decoded by the British
251862152ndThe Legal Tender Act, written by Elbridge Spaulding, allows the U.S. to issue "greenbacks" or paper money
261802212ndVictor Hugo, French author, born.
261862152ndUnion officer Elisha Hunt Rhodes heard Sen. Henry Wilson speak in Congress
26191797thThe Zimmermann Telegram is relayed from England to Pres. Wilson in Washington DC
26195262ndWinston Churchill announces to the world that Britain has the atomic bomb
271807207thHenry Wadsworth Longfellow, U.S. poet, born
27192292ndThe 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, allowing women to vote, is declared consitutional
281827187thThe first U.S. railroad chartered to carry passengers and freight, the Baltimore & Ohio, is incorporated
28198727thSoviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev calls for nuclear weapons treaty
291692322ndSarah Goode and Tituba are accused of witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts, triggering the Salem witch trials