Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

MarchYearAnniversaryEvent
11692323rdThe Salem Witch Hunt begins in Massachusetts
11872143rdYellowstone Park becomes the first National Park in the world
1191798thZimmerman Telegram, a coded message from Germany saying it will declare war on the U.S., is published
1193283rdCharles and Anne Lindbergh's baby kidnapped from their home
21807208thU.S. Congress makes African slave trade illegal
21867148thFirst Reconstruction Act passed by U.S. Congress
21877138thRutherford B. Hayes wins long disputed presidential election and Reconstruction ends
2191798thDesi Arnaz, singer, actor, and husband of Lucille Ball, born
31847168thAlexander Graham Bell, inventor, born
31877138thPres. Rutherford Hayes inaugurated in a private ceremony of five men
41877138thFirst performance of "Swan Lake" by the Russian Imperial Ballet
4195263rdRonald Reagan, an actor, and Nancy Davis, an actress, marry
4198728thRonald Reagan accepts responsibility for Iran-Contra Affair (on his 35th wedding anniversary)
5199718thNorth and South Korea meet for peace talks for the first time in 25 years
61857158thU.S. Supreme Court rules against Dred Scott, denying citizenship to black slaves
71777238thFive letters are exchanged between John Adams, at the Continental Congress, and Abigail Adams, in Massachusetts
71862153rdAt the Battle of Pea Ridge, Union Gen. Curtis defeats Confederates Van Dorn and McCulloch
81862153rdThe Battle of Hampton Roads begins as the Confederate ironclad "Virginia" (or "Merrimac") attacks the Union Navy
8191798thU.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters (also called "Samrandallisms")
91847168thU.S. forces led by Gen. Winfield Scott land at Vera Cruz, Mexico
91862153rdThe Confederate ironclads "Virginia" or "Merrimac" and the U.S.S. Monitor fight to a draw
101902113rdThomas Edison loses his suit over invention of the movie camera
111862153rdLincoln removes McClellan from command, promoting Halleck and Fremont
11194273rdGeneral MacArthur declares "I shall return" to the Philippines
11195758thRichard Evelyn Byrd, U.S. aviator and explorer, dies
111912103rdJuliette Gordon Low of the U.K. founds the Girl Guides, later the Girl Scouts
12194768thPresident Harry Truman establishes the "Truman Doctrine"
131852163rd"Uncle Sam" debuts as a regular cartoon character in "The Lantern"
141862153rdUnion Gen. Burnside defeats Confederate Gen. Branch at the Battle of New Bern
14196748thJohn F. Kennedy's body moved to Arlington Cemetery
151767248thAndrew Jackson, 7th U.S. President, born
15191798thCzar Nicholas II, the last Russian czar, abdicates his throne
161802213rdU.S. Military Academy established at West Point, New York
171782233rdJohn C. Calhoun, senator, cabinet member and vice president of the U.S., is born
171862153rdThe U.S. Treasury sanctions printing of "greenbacks," or paper money
181837178thGrover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th U.S. president, born
18194273rdThe War Relocation Authority is established, creating "relocation camps" for Japanese-Americans
18196253rdFrance ends its colonial war with Algeria
191687328thFrench explorer Robert La Salle murdered by his own men in Texas
201852163rdHarriet Beecher Stowe's bestseller, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," is published
21196748thNorth Vietnam rejects President Johnson's overtures
221817198thBraxton Bragg, Confederate general, is born
221882133rdU.S. Congress outlaws polygamy, practiced in the U.S. by Mormons
22194768thPres. Harry Truman orders "loyalty checks" of federal employees during the Red Scare
231862153rdGen. Stonewall Jackson defeated by Gen. Nathaniel Banks at the Battle of Kernstown
23194273rd The U.S. Army moves Japanese-Americans to internment camps
241862153rdWendell Phillips is pelted with tomatoes and rocks by pro-slavery Northerners in Cincinnati
25196748thDr. Martin Luther King Jr. leads a March against the Vietnam War in Chicago
251907108thGrover Cleveland addresses Princeton students in his New Jersey home
271912103rdFirst Lady Helen Herron Taft plants the famous cherry trees along the Potomac River
281862153rdThe Confederate invasion of New Mexico halted at the Battle of Glorieta Pass
291812203rdFirst White House wedding joins Dolly Madison's sister with Judge Thomas Todd
301822193rdFlorida becomes a U.S. territory
301867148thSecretary of State William Seward purchases Alaska, dubbed "Seward's Folly"
311732283rdFranz Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer, born