Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

MarchYearAnniversaryEvent
11692322ndThe Salem Witch Hunt begins in Massachusetts
11872142ndYellowstone Park becomes the first National Park in the world
1191797thZimmerman Telegram, a coded message from Germany saying it will declare war on the U.S., is published
1193282ndCharles and Anne Lindbergh's baby kidnapped from their home
21807207thU.S. Congress makes African slave trade illegal
21867147thFirst Reconstruction Act passed by U.S. Congress
21877137thRutherford B. Hayes wins long disputed presidential election and Reconstruction ends
2191797thDesi Arnaz, singer, actor, and husband of Lucille Ball, born
31847167thAlexander Graham Bell, inventor, born
31877137thPres. Rutherford Hayes inaugurated in a private ceremony of five men
41877137thFirst performance of "Swan Lake" by the Russian Imperial Ballet
4195262ndRonald Reagan, an actor, and Nancy Davis, an actress, marry
4198727thRonald Reagan accepts responsibility for Iran-Contra Affair (on his 35th wedding anniversary)
5199717thNorth and South Korea meet for peace talks for the first time in 25 years
61857157thU.S. Supreme Court rules against Dred Scott, denying citizenship to black slaves
71777237thFive letters are exchanged between John Adams, at the Continental Congress, and Abigail Adams, in Massachusetts
71862152ndAt the Battle of Pea Ridge, Union Gen. Curtis defeats Confederates Van Dorn and McCulloch
81862152ndThe Battle of Hampton Roads begins as the Confederate ironclad "Virginia" (or "Merrimac") attacks the Union Navy
8191797thU.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters (also called "Samrandallisms")
91847167thU.S. forces led by Gen. Winfield Scott land at Vera Cruz, Mexico
91862152ndThe Confederate ironclads "Virginia" or "Merrimac" and the U.S.S. Monitor fight to a draw
101902112ndThomas Edison loses his suit over invention of the movie camera
111862152ndLincoln removes McClellan from command, promoting Halleck and Fremont
11194272ndGeneral MacArthur declares "I shall return" to the Philippines
11195757thRichard Evelyn Byrd, U.S. aviator and explorer, dies
111912102ndJuliette Gordon Low of the U.K. founds the Girl Guides, later the Girl Scouts
12194767thPresident Harry Truman establishes the "Truman Doctrine"
131852162nd"Uncle Sam" debuts as a regular cartoon character in "The Lantern"
141862152ndUnion Gen. Burnside defeats Confederate Gen. Branch at the Battle of New Bern
14196747thJohn F. Kennedy's body moved to Arlington Cemetery
151767247thAndrew Jackson, 7th U.S. President, born
15191797thCzar Nicholas II, the last Russian czar, abdicates his throne
161802212ndU.S. Military Academy established at West Point, New York
171782232ndJohn C. Calhoun, senator, cabinet member and vice president of the U.S., is born
171862152ndThe U.S. Treasury sanctions printing of "greenbacks," or paper money
181837177thGrover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th U.S. president, born
18194272ndThe War Relocation Authority is established, creating "relocation camps" for Japanese-Americans
18196252ndFrance ends its colonial war with Algeria
191687327thFrench explorer Robert La Salle murdered by his own men in Texas
201852162ndHarriet Beecher Stowe's bestseller, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," is published
21196747thNorth Vietnam rejects President Johnson's overtures
221817197thBraxton Bragg, Confederate general, is born
221882132ndU.S. Congress outlaws polygamy, practiced in the U.S. by Mormons
22194767thPres. Harry Truman orders "loyalty checks" of federal employees during the Red Scare
231862152ndGen. Stonewall Jackson defeated by Gen. Nathaniel Banks at the Battle of Kernstown
23194272nd The U.S. Army moves Japanese-Americans to internment camps
241862152ndWendell Phillips is pelted with tomatoes and rocks by pro-slavery Northerners in Cincinnati
25196747thDr. Martin Luther King Jr. leads a March against the Vietnam War in Chicago
251907107thGrover Cleveland addresses Princeton students in his New Jersey home
271912102ndFirst Lady Helen Herron Taft plants the famous cherry trees along the Potomac River
281862152ndThe Confederate invasion of New Mexico halted at the Battle of Glorieta Pass
291812202ndFirst White House wedding joins Dolly Madison's sister with Judge Thomas Todd
301822192ndFlorida becomes a U.S. territory
301867147thSecretary of State William Seward purchases Alaska, dubbed "Seward's Folly"
311732282ndFranz Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer, born