Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

MayYearAnniversaryEvent
11672342ndJoseph Addison, writer and journalist, born in England.
1196747thElvis Presley marries 21-year-old Priscilla Beaulieu, in Las Vegas
21862152ndConfederates evacuate Yorktown during the Peninsular campaign
2195757thSenator Joseph McCarthy, who led the witchhunt against Communists, dies
2197242ndJ. Edgar Hoover, FBI director, dies.
31802212ndWashington DC incorporated as a city.
3193777thMargaret Mitchell receives a Pulitzer Prize for her novel, "Gone with the Wind"
3194767thJapan's new constitution strips Hirohito of all but symbolic power
41872142ndA. Mitchell Palmer, US Attorney General, anti-Communist, born
4197737thJournalist David Frost interviews Richard Nixon about corruption in his administration
51847167thThe American Medical Association is founded in Philadelphia
51862152ndUnion troops force a Confederate retreat at the Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia
51877137thSitting Bull leads his people into Canada, fleeing the U.S. Army
61862152ndHenry David Thoreau, U.S. poet and philosopher, dies.
61862152ndThe Confederates withdraw from Williamsburg and Union troops occupy the town
61882132ndCongress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act, barring Chinese immigrants from the US
6195757thSenator John F. Kennedy wins a Pulitzer Prize for his book, "Profiles in Courage"
71812202ndRobert Browning, British poet, born.
71862152ndConfederate forces attack at Eltham's Landing during the Peninsular Campaign
8197242ndNixon's mining of North Vietnam's harbors, Operation Pocket Money, begins
91502512ndChristopher Columbus leaves Spain on his final trip to the New World
91887127thBuffalo Bill's Wild West Show opens in London for Queen Victoria
9197737thPresident Carter tackles Social Security
101832182ndWilliam Grace, businessman, New York City mayor, and "Pirate of Peru," born in Ireland
101837177thThe devastating Panic of 1837 wipes out U.S. banks, small businesses, and farmers
101862152ndUnion victory at the Battle of Plum Run Bend, near Ft. Pillow
101872142ndVictoria Woodhull is first woman nominated for U.S. president, with Frederick Douglass as VP
101877137thPresident Rutherford Hayes installs the first telephone in White House
111852162ndCharles Warren Fairbanks, Teddy Roosevelt's vice-president, born
121902112ndJohn Mitchell calls for a mineworkers strike by the United Mine Workers
12200212ndJimmy Carter is the first U.S. president to visit Cuba since Castro's 1959 revolution
131607407thJamestown, an English colony, is founded in Virginia
131737277thWilliam Petty-FitzMaurice, first marquess of Landsdowne and prime minister of England, born.
131792222ndPope Pius IX born.
131842172ndArthur S. Sullivan, British composer of fourteen Gilbert & Sullivan comic operas, born.
141787227thU.S. Constitutional Convention delegates begin to assemble in Philadelphia
141842172ndAlfred, Lord Tennyson, publishes his popular "Poems"
141897117thGuglielmo Marconi sends the first wireless telegraph
14194272ndU.S. Women's Auxiliary Army Corps established
151602412ndBritish navigator Bartholomew Gosnold lays claim to Cape Cod
151862152ndU.S. Department of Agriculture created by Congress and Pres. Lincoln
151882132ndPres. Arthur forms a commission to investigate protectionist tariffs
161897117thThe Vitagraph company shoots its first fiction film, "The Burglar on the Roof"
16197242ndU.S. bombing of North Vietnam destroys main fuel line
171792222ndNew York Stock Exchange founded by brokers meeting under a buttonwood tree on Wall Street
171827187thFuture president Andrew Johnson (age 18) marries Eliza McCardle (age 16)
18191797thCongress passes the Selective Service Act, drafting soldiers to fight in World War I
191897117thOscar Wilde released after two years of jail for "homosexual practices"
201862152ndThe Homestead Act passed by Congress and signed by President Lincoln
20192787thThe "Spirit of St. Louis," Charles Lindbergh's plane, takes off for Paris
211832182ndThe first Democratic National Convention held at the Athenaeum in Baltimore
21192787thThe "Spirit of St. Louis," Charles Lindbergh's plane, lands in Paris
221802212ndMartha Dandridge Custis Washington, First Lady, dies
22194767thTruman Doctrine is enacted, appropriating aid for Greece and Turkey
23193777thThe fabulously wealthy John D. Rockefeller dies
251787227thConstitutional Convention called to order in Philadelphia
251862152ndStonewall Jackson defeats Nathaniel Banks at the First Battle of Winchester
25192787thFord Motor Company announces the end of the Model T, replaced by the Model A
261837177thWashington Roebling, who succeeded his father as chief engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge, born
26193777thViolence breaks out at Ford Motors
271647367thFirst execution of a U.S. woman as a witch, Achsah Young, in Massachusetts
271837177thJames Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok, U.S. frontier marshal, born
27193777thGolden Gate Bridge opens
281807207thLouis Agassiz, Swiss-American zoologist and biologist, born
281892122ndSierra Club founded by John Muir
28195757thBaseball owners vote to allow the New York Giants and the Brooklyn Dodgers to move to California
291877137thJohn Lothrop Motley, U.S. historian and diplomat, is born
29191797thJohn F. Kennedy, 35th U.S. president, is born
29193282ndThe Bonus Marchers arrive in Washington DC
301862152ndConfederate Gen. Beauregard abandons Corinth, but tricks Halleck into thinking he's still there
30192292ndFormer Pres. William Taft dedicates the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC
311862152ndMcClellan drives back Confederate Gen. Johnston at the Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), VA