Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

JuneYearAnniversaryEvent
11812202ndPres. Madison declares war on the British, triggering the War of 1812
11862152ndBattle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) concludes
21912102ndUniversal Studios founded in California
3193777thOver his mother's objections, England's King Edward VIII marries an American after abdicating the throne
41717297thSociety of Freemasons founded in London
41862152ndGen. Beauregard evacuates Fort Pillow, built by Confederate Gen. Pillow, leaving it to Gen. Halleck
41892122ndThe Sierra Club incorporated in San Francisco
4191797thThe first Pulitzer Prizes for journalism are awarded
51862152ndUnion troops find Fort Pillow empty, abandoned by the Confederate Army
5191797thU.S. men begin to register for the draft in World War I
5192292ndDiscoverer of Klondike Gold in Yukon, Robert Carmack, dies
5194767thSecretary of State George Marshall outlines an aid program for Europe, which becomes "The Marshall Plan"
61862152ndAt the Battle of Memphis, Charles Ellet Jr. sinks 4 Confederate ships and captures Memphis before being killed
71892122ndHomer Plessy arrested for refusing to give up a train seat for whites, triggering the Plessy v. Ferguson case
81862152ndStonewall Jackson and Richard Ewell triumph brilliantly over Generals Banks and Fremont at the Battle of Cross Keys
81867147thFrank Lloyd Wright, brilliant U.S. architect, born
91877137thCrazy Horse's surrender makes front page news in New York
101692322ndFirst hanging of a Salem witch during the Salem Witch Trials
101861153rdGen. Winfield Scott, newly retired commander in chief of the U.S. Army, is photographed at West Point by Charles Fredricks
10194272ndEntire male population of Lidice, a Czech village, massacred by Nazis
11192787thCharles Lindbergh awarded the first Distinguished Flying Cross
11193777thJoseph Stalin's Soviet "Purge" ends
121862152ndConfederate cavalryman JEB Stuart's first "Ride around McClellan" begins
12195262ndFirst Chevrolet chassis completed
12196747thU.S. Supreme Court strikes down state laws forbidding interracial marriage
12198727thReagan challenges Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall
131777237thThe Marquis de Lafayette arrives in South Carolina to help the colonists revolt against Britain
131802212ndHarriet Martineau, British essayist and writer, born
131807207thThomas Jefferson subpoenaed during Aaron Burr's trial
13192787thTicker tape parade for Charles Lindbergh in New York City
13196747thThurgood Marshall, U.S. Solicitor-General, becomes first African-American appointed to U. S. Supreme Court
141642372ndMassachusetts is the first colony to pass a compulsory education law (for white males)
141777237thThe American flag adopted by the Continental Congress on June 14, which will become Flag Day
14192292ndWarren Harding is first president broadcast on radio, as he dedicates Frances Scott Key Memorial at Fort McHenry
151752262ndBenjamin Franklin flies a kite with a key tied to its string to show that lightning contains electricity
151862152ndConfederate JEB Stuart completes his first "Ride around McClellan," encircling the Union Army of the Potomac
151877137thHenry Flipper becomes first African American to graduate West Point Military Academy
15191797thThe U. S. Congress passes the Espionage Act
161567447thMary Queen of Scots imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, in Scotland, by Queen Elizabeth
161862152ndCivil War Battle of Secessionville a disaster for the Union Army
161897117thU.S. government annexes Hawaii
161902112ndThe "Wizard of Oz" musical opens at Chicago's Grand Opera House
16197737thSoviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev is also elected President of the Supreme Soviet
171862152ndSteam drum of the USS Mound City, hit by shell, explodes: 80 men scalded to death, 40 men drowned
17197242ndPres. Nixon's employees arrested for burglary inside Watergate, the Democratic headquarters
181812202ndThe War of 1812 begins when the U.S. declares war against Britain
181877137thThe creator of Uncle Sam poster illustrations, artist James Montgomery Flagg, born on this day
191862152ndPres. Lincoln first outlines his "Emancipation Proclamation"
19191797thGeorge V changes British royal family's name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor, veiling its German origins
19193777th"Peter Pan" author, Englishman James Barrie, dies
19194767thEuropean representatives meet to design the Marshall Plan for rebuilding Europe
19197737thElvis Presley makes his last concert recordings
201782232ndU. S. Congress approves the Great Seal of the U.S.
201837177thVictoria becomes Queen of England upon the death of her uncle, William IV
20199717thThe U.S. tobacco industry agrees to a massive settlement to avoid further lawsuits
211832182ndJoseph Rainey, first African American in the U.S. House of Representatives, is born a slave on this day
211877137thTen "Molly Maguires," Irish-American militants for mining reforms, are hanged for murder
211887127thGolden Jubilee of Queen Victoria's reign celebrated in Great Britain
21194272ndThe day before strict gas rationing begins during WWII, U.S. drivers go to the pumps
21198925thA jury finds John Hinckley, Jr. innocent by reason of insanity in the shooting of Pres. Reagan and three others
22197737thFormer Attorney General John Mitchell goes to prison for his part in Watergate cover-up
22199222ndU.S. Supreme Court rules hate-crime laws that ban cross-burnings violate the right to free speech
231862152ndRobert E. Lee and his generals plot an attack on McClellan's army before the Seven Days' Battles
23194767thU.S. Senate and House override Pres. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act
23197242ndPresident Nixon signs the Higher Education Act
241812202ndEmperor Napoleon Bonaparte orders his army of 500,000, the largest European army in history, to Russia
241862152ndLincoln consults Winfield Scott, former Army Commander in Chief, about McClellan's stalemate with Lee
24192292ndThe American Professional Football Association becomes the National Football League
25194272ndMajor General Dwight Eisenhower takes command of U.S. forces in Europe during World War II
25196252ndU. S. Supreme Court rules that prayer in public schools violates 1st Amendment separation of church and state
261862152ndRobert E. Lee stuns Union Gen. McClellan at the Battle of Mechanicsville, first of the Seven Days' Battles
26191797thFirst American Expeditionary Force troops arrive in France during World War I
271847167thNew York and Boston are linked by telegraph wires
271862152ndMay Irwin, actress, comedienne, and music-hall artist, born
271862152ndGaines' Mill attacked by Lee, who drives back the Union Army, in the Third of the Seven Days' Battles
281577437thPeter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, born
281862152ndConfederate Capt. Hollins captures the "St. Nicholas," when one of his sailors pretends to be a Frenchwoman
281862152ndUnion headquarters at Savage's Station, including a field hospital, accept wounded from Gaines's Mill
28197242ndNixon announces that no more draftees will go to Vietnam, unless they volunteer
291652362ndMassachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth
291767247thBritain passes the Townshend Revenue Act, levying taxes on the American colonies
291862152ndRobert E. Lee assaults Savage's Station as the Union Army retreats, in the Fifth of the Seven Days' Battles
29197242ndU.S. Supreme Court strikes down death penalty as "cruel and unusual"
301812202ndPres. Madison demands that more officers be commissioned to fight the British in the War of 1812
301817197thSir Joseph Hooker, British botanist, born.
301862152ndAt Glendale (White Oak Swamp), 6th of the Seven Days' Battles, Lee fails in his attack on the Union Army
30195757thU.S. government eliminates the Reconstruction Finance Corp. created by Hoover in 1932 and enlarged by FDR