Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

JuneYearAnniversaryEvent
11812203rdPres. Madison declares war on the British, triggering the War of 1812
11862153rdBattle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) concludes
21912103rdUniversal Studios founded in California
3193778thOver his mother's objections, England's King Edward VIII marries an American after abdicating the throne
41717298thSociety of Freemasons founded in London
41862153rdGen. Beauregard evacuates Fort Pillow, built by Confederate Gen. Pillow, leaving it to Gen. Halleck
41892123rdThe Sierra Club incorporated in San Francisco
4191798thThe first Pulitzer Prizes for journalism are awarded
51862153rdUnion troops find Fort Pillow empty, abandoned by the Confederate Army
5191798thU.S. men begin to register for the draft in World War I
5192293rdDiscoverer of Klondike Gold in Yukon, Robert Carmack, dies
5194768thSecretary of State George Marshall outlines an aid program for Europe, which becomes "The Marshall Plan"
61862153rdAt the Battle of Memphis, Charles Ellet Jr. sinks 4 Confederate ships and captures Memphis before being killed
71892123rdHomer Plessy arrested for refusing to give up a train seat for whites, triggering the Plessy v. Ferguson case
81862153rdStonewall Jackson and Richard Ewell triumph brilliantly over Generals Banks and Fremont at the Battle of Cross Keys
81867148thFrank Lloyd Wright, brilliant U.S. architect, born
91877138thCrazy Horse's surrender makes front page news in New York
101692323rdFirst hanging of a Salem witch during the Salem Witch Trials
101861154thGen. Winfield Scott, newly retired commander in chief of the U.S. Army, is photographed at West Point by Charles Fredricks
10194273rdEntire male population of Lidice, a Czech village, massacred by Nazis
11192788thCharles Lindbergh awarded the first Distinguished Flying Cross
11193778thJoseph Stalin's Soviet "Purge" ends
121862153rdConfederate cavalryman JEB Stuart's first "Ride around McClellan" begins
12195263rdFirst Chevrolet chassis completed
12196748thU.S. Supreme Court strikes down state laws forbidding interracial marriage
12198728thReagan challenges Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall
131777238thThe Marquis de Lafayette arrives in South Carolina to help the colonists revolt against Britain
131802213rdHarriet Martineau, British essayist and writer, born
131807208thThomas Jefferson subpoenaed during Aaron Burr's trial
13192788thTicker tape parade for Charles Lindbergh in New York City
13196748thThurgood Marshall, U.S. Solicitor-General, becomes first African-American appointed to U. S. Supreme Court
141642373rdMassachusetts is the first colony to pass a compulsory education law (for white males)
141777238thThe American flag adopted by the Continental Congress on June 14, which will become Flag Day
14192293rdWarren Harding is first president broadcast on radio, as he dedicates Frances Scott Key Memorial at Fort McHenry
151752263rdBenjamin Franklin flies a kite with a key tied to its string to show that lightning contains electricity
151862153rdConfederate JEB Stuart completes his first "Ride around McClellan," encircling the Union Army of the Potomac
151877138thHenry Flipper becomes first African American to graduate West Point Military Academy
15191798thThe U. S. Congress passes the Espionage Act
161567448thMary Queen of Scots imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, in Scotland, by Queen Elizabeth
161862153rdCivil War Battle of Secessionville a disaster for the Union Army
161897118thU.S. government annexes Hawaii
161902113rdThe "Wizard of Oz" musical opens at Chicago's Grand Opera House
16197738thSoviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev is also elected President of the Supreme Soviet
171862153rdSteam drum of the USS Mound City, hit by shell, explodes: 80 men scalded to death, 40 men drowned
17197243rdPres. Nixon's employees arrested for burglary inside Watergate, the Democratic headquarters
181812203rdThe War of 1812 begins when the U.S. declares war against Britain
181877138thThe creator of Uncle Sam poster illustrations, artist James Montgomery Flagg, born on this day
191862153rdPres. Lincoln first outlines his "Emancipation Proclamation"
19191798thGeorge V changes British royal family's name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor, veiling its German origins
19193778th"Peter Pan" author, Englishman James Barrie, dies
19194768thEuropean representatives meet to design the Marshall Plan for rebuilding Europe
19197738thElvis Presley makes his last concert recordings
201782233rdU. S. Congress approves the Great Seal of the U.S.
201837178thVictoria becomes Queen of England upon the death of her uncle, William IV
20199718thThe U.S. tobacco industry agrees to a massive settlement to avoid further lawsuits
211832183rdJoseph Rainey, first African American in the U.S. House of Representatives, is born a slave on this day
211877138thTen "Molly Maguires," Irish-American militants for mining reforms, are hanged for murder
211887128thGolden Jubilee of Queen Victoria's reign celebrated in Great Britain
21194273rdThe day before strict gas rationing begins during WWII, U.S. drivers go to the pumps
21198926thA jury finds John Hinckley, Jr. innocent by reason of insanity in the shooting of Pres. Reagan and three others
22197738thFormer Attorney General John Mitchell goes to prison for his part in Watergate cover-up
22199223rdU.S. Supreme Court rules hate-crime laws that ban cross-burnings violate the right to free speech
231862153rdRobert E. Lee and his generals plot an attack on McClellan's army before the Seven Days' Battles
23194768thU.S. Senate and House override Pres. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act
23197243rdPresident Nixon signs the Higher Education Act
241812203rdEmperor Napoleon Bonaparte orders his army of 500,000, the largest European army in history, to Russia
241862153rdLincoln consults Winfield Scott, former Army Commander in Chief, about McClellan's stalemate with Lee
24192293rdThe American Professional Football Association becomes the National Football League
25194273rdMajor General Dwight Eisenhower takes command of U.S. forces in Europe during World War II
25196253rdU. S. Supreme Court rules that prayer in public schools violates 1st Amendment separation of church and state
261862153rdRobert E. Lee stuns Union Gen. McClellan at the Battle of Mechanicsville, first of the Seven Days' Battles
26191798thFirst American Expeditionary Force troops arrive in France during World War I
271847168thNew York and Boston are linked by telegraph wires
271862153rdMay Irwin, actress, comedienne, and music-hall artist, born
271862153rdGaines' Mill attacked by Lee, who drives back the Union Army, in the Third of the Seven Days' Battles
281577438thPeter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, born
281862153rdConfederate Capt. Hollins captures the "St. Nicholas," when one of his sailors pretends to be a Frenchwoman
281862153rdUnion headquarters at Savage's Station, including a field hospital, accept wounded from Gaines's Mill
28197243rdNixon announces that no more draftees will go to Vietnam, unless they volunteer
291652363rdMassachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth
291767248thBritain passes the Townshend Revenue Act, levying taxes on the American colonies
291862153rdRobert E. Lee assaults Savage's Station as the Union Army retreats, in the Fifth of the Seven Days' Battles
29197243rdU.S. Supreme Court strikes down death penalty as "cruel and unusual"
301812203rdPres. Madison demands that more officers be commissioned to fight the British in the War of 1812
301817198thSir Joseph Hooker, British botanist, born.
301862153rdAt Glendale (White Oak Swamp), 6th of the Seven Days' Battles, Lee fails in his attack on the Union Army
30195758thU.S. government eliminates the Reconstruction Finance Corp. created by Hoover in 1932 and enlarged by FDR