Anniversaries

To illustrate the depth one can access in our collections, we have compiled relevant archival imagery to frame a diverse cultural, political and chronological retrospective of noteworthy anniversaries. Be sure to bookmark this section as the calendar is a work in progress and will continue to expand.

SeptemberYearAnniversaryEvent
11807207thAaron Burr acquitted on charges of treason for conspiring to create a new American republic.
11862152ndAt Second Bull Run, Confederates Lee and Jackson triumph when Union Gen. Pope withdraws from Chantilly.
11862152ndMajor General Philip Kearny, one of the most promising Union commanders, dies in battle at Chantilly, at age 48.
11862152ndUnion Major General and politician Isaac Ingalls Stevens, one of the U.S. Army's most promising leaders, dies in battle at Chantilly.
21837177thJames H. Wilson, a major general only 5 years after graduating West Point and officer who managed to rout Nathan Forrest, born.
21862152ndAn unhappy Lincoln restores McClellan to full command after John Pope's disastrous failure at Second Bull Run.
21862152ndUnion Brigadier General Thornton Brodhead, lawyer and politician, dies at age 40, mortally wounded at 2nd Bull Run.
31777237thThe "Stars and Stripes" flag flies in battle for the first time, at Cooch's Bridge, Maryland, during the Revolutionary War.
3193777thOrson Welles directs, produces and stars in "Les Miserables," based on the novel by Victor Hugo.
31902112ndSarah Orne Jewett, popular 19th-century novelist, is thrown from a carriage in an accident that ends her writing career.
41807207thRobert Fulton begins the first commercial steamboat service, charging $7 for a ticket from New York City to Albany.
41862152ndRobert E. Lee's Confederate Army begins the Antietam Campaign by invading the North at Maryland.
4195757thArkansas Gov. Orval Faubus sends federal troops to block 9 black students from entering Little Rock's Central High School.
51842172ndJesse James, Confederate soldier, outlaw, and bank robber, is born.
51877137thCrazy Horse, a Dakota chief, is killed while in jail, by a U.S. soldier.
51882132ndFirst Labor Day parade, called "The Grand Demonstration of Working Men," is held in New York City, with 10,000 workers.
61757257thThe Marquis de LaFayette, French statesman who helped Washington during the American Revolution, born today.
61837177thOberlin College, first U.S. college to accept both male and female students, opens in Oberlin, Ohio.
61847167thWriter and naturalist Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden Pond and returns to the home of his mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson.
7192787thThe first use of a television is demonstrated in San Francisco by Philo Farnsworth.
81847167thLed by Winfield Scott and William Worth, the U.S. triumphs at the Battle of Molino del Rey, during the Mexican War.
91862152ndLee issues the daring Special Order 191, splitting his Confederate Army, and sends William Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry.
101847167thHawaii's first theater, The Thespian, a renovated adobe building, opens in Honolulu, with performances by local amateurs.
101897117thNineteen unarmed coal miners are killed when police open fire on strikers in the "Latimer Massacre," in Latimer, PA.
10197737thThe guillotine falls for the last time when convicted murderer Hamida Djandoubi is executed in France.
111777237thGen. George Washington is defeated by British Gen. William Howe at the Battle of Brandywine.
111897117thStrike by 75,000 coal miners from PA, OH, and WV concludes after 10 weeks, winning 8-hour days and the end of company stores.
121812202ndThe U.S. inventor and industrialist who built the first successful rotary print press is born, Richard March Hoe.
121862152ndDuring the Antietam Campaign, the battle for Harpers Ferry begins when William Jackson and 6 divisions converge on Harpers Ferry.
131847167thU.S. Gen. Winfield Scott storms the Chapultepec fortress in Mexico, during the Mexican War.
131862152ndUnion troops at Frederick, Maryland, find a copy of Lee's plan wrapped around a cigar pack.
131862152ndMcClellan has a unique opportunity when he learns of Lee's plan to invade Maryland, but Halleck convinces him Lee has set a trap.
131862152ndLee learns McClellan knows his plan and sends Longstreet to support Gen. Daniel Harvey Hill.
141847167thGen. Winfield Scott, Chief of the U.S. Army, takes control of Mexico City.
141862152ndAt the Battles of South Mountain and Crampton's Gap, Maryland, Union troops overwhelm the Confederates.
141862152ndConfederate General Samuel Garland is mortally wounded at Fox's Gap, Maryland.
151857157thWilliam Howard Taft, 26th U.S. president and chief justice of the Supreme Court, is born.
151862152ndThe Confederates capture Harpers Ferry, MD, when Halleck foolishly orders the Union Army to hold its position.
15196252ndThe Soviet vessel "Poltava" travels to Cuba with Soviet missiles.
161782232ndPresident George Washington first uses the Great Seal of the United States on a document.
161832182ndConfederate Gen. George Washington Custis Lee, oldest son of Robert E. Lee and great grandson of George Washington, is born.
161892122ndThe Fifth Annual Convention of the National Republican League is held at Buffalo, NY.
171787227thThe completed U.S. Constitution is signed by a majority of the Constitutional Convention delegates.
171862152ndThe bloodiest day in U.S. military history, the Battle of Antietam, took the lives of more than 23,000 soldiers.
17194272ndBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill meets with Soviet Premier Josef Stalin in Moscow, as Stalingrad is attacked by Germany.
17195757thJazz musician Louis Armstrong cancels his U.S. sponsored trip to Russia due to U.S. indifference to violence in Little Rock.
181862152ndConfederate generals Jackson and Longstreet convince Robert E. Lee to retreat from Antietam.
181862152ndGeorge McClellan, his Union troops too crippled to renew an attack, allows Lee to retreat from Antietam.
18194767thThe Air Force becomes a separate branch of the military when the National Security Act is passed.
191777237thGenerals Lincoln and Arnold yield the field but inflict heavy casualties at the Battle of Freeman's Farm, the first Battle of Saratoga.
191777237thThe Continental Congress flees the U.S. capital, Philadelphia, as the British approach.
191827187thJim Bowie stabs a Louisiana banker with the famous knife invented by his brother, Rezin Bowie.
191862152ndAt the Battle of Iuka, Grant, Rosecrans and Ord thwart Bragg, Price and Van Dorn, when Price strikes prematurely.
201777237thThe British conduct a surprise attack on colonists, known as the Paoli Massacre, during the Revolutionary War.
20192787thNew York Yankee player Babe Ruth hits his record-setting 60th home run of the season.
20193282ndMohandas K. Gandhi begins a hunger strike to protest the treatment of untouchables in India.
211832182ndWalter Scott, Scottish novelist and poet who wrote "The Lady of the Lake," dies.
211897117thThe New York "Evening Sun" publishes a famous editorial entitled "Yes, Virginia, There is a Santa Claus."
21192292ndPres. Warren Harding signs a joint resolution to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine, approving the Balfour Declaration.
221692322ndAt the close of the Salem Witchcraft Trials, Mary Towne is the last of eight people hanged for witchcraft.
221817197thJohn Quincy Adams becomes Secretary of State under President Monroe.
221862152ndAfter the Antietam tragedy, Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, to free all slaves owned by Southerners.
231642372ndHarvard College holds its first commencement.
231862152ndRussian novelist Count Leo Tolstoy marries Sophie Andreyevna Behrs, who later copied "War and Peace" seven times for him.
23195262ndRichard Nixon, Republican vice presidential candidate, gives his "Checkers" speech, refuting charges of improper campaign finances.
241742272ndFaneuil Hall, built by John Smibert and funded by wealthy Peter Faneuil, opens in Boston.
241827187thHenry W. Slocum, who made major general after one year in the Union Army, becoming the second youngest major general, born.
241862152ndThe Confederate States of America's Congress adopts the Confederate seal.
24195757thPres. Eisenhower orders U.S. troops to desegregate Little Rock Schools, telling the nation "Mob rule cannot be allowed."
251847167thGen. Zachary Taylor's troops capture Monterey, Mexico, after four days of fighting.
251867147thThe first all-black university in America, Howard University in Washington, DC, is created by the U.S. Congress.
25193777thGerman Chancellor Adolf Hitler holds a meeting with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini in Munich.
25195757thNine black children are escorted to Little Rock Central High school by U.S. Army troops.
261777237thCornwallis's British troops occupy Philadelphia because Howe had recently defeated Washington and the capital was undefended.
26193777thGreat blues singer Bessie Smith dies needlessly after a car accident because emergency care is denied to African Americans.
26197242ndEmperor Hirohito meets with Richard Nixon in Alaska, at the first meeting of a Japanese monarch with a U.S. president.
271722292ndSamuel Adams, American revolutionary, politician, and brewer, is born.
271871143rdFormer Confederate General James Clanton, who fought in the U.S. Army during the Mexican War, is killed.
27192787thFranklin Roosevelt arrives in Warm Springs, Georgia, for warm water treatment of his polio in the town that became his second home.
281787227thCongress orders that copies of the U.S. Constitution be submitted to each state for ratification
281912102ndMusician William Christopher Handy publishes the first blues song, his "Memphis Blues," introducing his 12-bar blues to America.
28193282ndWith Babe Ruth pitching, the New York Yankees win the World Series by beating the Red Sox.
291547467thMiguel de Cervantes, Spanish writer and author of "Don Quixote," novel of the Man of La Mancha, born.
291867147thSterling Price, Confederate general and Missouri governor, dies after a self-imposed exile in Mexico.
291902112ndDavid Belasco, actor and silent film writer, director and producer, opens the first Belasco Theater, near Times Square in New York.
301827187thEllis H. Roberts, U.S. journalist, politician, cabinet member and financier, born.
30192787thBabe Ruth hits his 60th home run of the season, a major league record until 1961.
30194272ndAdmiral Nimitz's B-17 plane gets lost on way to Guadalcanal and the crew uses a "National Geographic" map to find the island.
30196252ndCesar Chavez, Mexican-American labor leader, founds the United Farm Workers.
30199717thThe Catholic Church in France apologizes for its silence when Jews were deported under Vichy's pro-Nazi regime.