Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919)

Henry Clay Frick, an American industrialist, is shown here in a lithograph portrait. Frick formed an important partnership with Andrew Carnegie providing him the coal necessary to produce steel. Frick was the chairman and manager of the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892 when its workers went on strike to protest a drastic wage cut. To prepare for the strike Frick constructed a four-mile-long wooden stockade around the entire factory, topped by barbed wire and fitted with rifle holes. When the strikers refused to disperse, he sent in 300 armed guards, who floated in on barges. A young anarchist named Alexander Berkman unsuccessfully attempted to assassinate Frick during the strike. After his death, Frick left his extensive European art collection and his home to the City of New York which became the Frick Museum.

1895 circa 5 years
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Fine Print Illustration
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