"The United States Senate, A. D. 1850"

Henry Clay is depicted speaking to the Senate about the Compromise of 1850. For the next eight months, Congress, led by Clay, Daniel Webster, and John C. Calhoun, debated the issue. The following was finally decided: Texas would relinquish some disputed land, in return for ten million dollars which it could use to pay off debts from the Mexican War; the territories of New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah would be organized, and choose for themselves whether to institute slavery; the slave trade would be abolished in the District of Columbia; and California would be admitted as a free state. Additionally, the controversial Fugitive Slave Act was passed. This lithograph was engraved by R. Whitechurch after a drawing by P. F. Rothermel.

January, 1850
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