President Andrew Johnson Vetoes the Freedman's Bureau Bill

In this cartoon from "Harper's Weekly," April 14, 1866, President Johnson is shown kicking a bureau down some stairs. As the bureau falls, small black figures tumble all around. The bureau represents the Freedman's Bureau Bill, which was designed to extend the life of the Freedman's Bureau. The Freedman's Bureau, also known as the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, was designed to provide welfare to blacks recently freed from slavery. It supervised all relief and educational activities relating to refugees and freedmen, and issued rations, clothing and medicine. The Bureau also assumed custody of confiscated lands or property in the former Confederate States, border states, District of Columbia, and Indian Territory. President Johnson's veto of the bill was overridden by Congress.

April 14, 1866
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