Joseph H. Rainey (1832-1887)

Joseph Hayne Rainey was the first African-American man to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Hainey was the son of a slave who bought his freedom. After he was conscripted to work on the Confederate fortifications, he escaped to Bermuda and stayed away until the end of the Civil War. He was appointed to fill out the term of the U.S. congressman from South Carolina who had been expelled from Congress. Rainey was reelected four times (1870-79). During Reconstruction, Rainey strove for moderate treatment of the South while working to protect and expand civil rights.

1865 circa 5 years
Original Format:
Glass Negative Print
Mathew Brady
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